Resistance of the Teacher Movement after the Soeharto's Era in Indonesia
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social movements
teacher movements
quality of education
social justice

How to Cite

Afdhal, & Hidayat, R. (2019). Resistance of the Teacher Movement after the Soeharto’s Era in Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Sociology, Education, and Development, 1(1), 1-14. Retrieved from


This research departs from the phenomenon of the teacher movements that is growing after the Orde Baru regime fall. Teachers who are members of teacher unions fight for the quality of education and social justice in education. One of the teacher unions that focused on the mission was the Federasi Serikat Guru Indonesia (FSGI). The purpose of this study is to describe how the struggle carried out by FSGI in realizing quality and equitable education. This study uses a qualitative research approach by combining several methods of data collection, observation, in-depth interviews, and surveys. Meanwhile, the results of this study indicate that the movement carried out by FSGI was driven by two things, the political opportunity structure and the process of reproducing the movement of resources (resource mobilization). The changes of political structure in Indonesia have been seen since the emergence of freedom of organization as stated in UU No. 14 of 2005 concerning teachers and lecturers. The role of FSGI is to reproduce movement resources with material resources and a strong network of other organizations. These two things led FSGI to realize a quality and fair education in Indonesia.

PDF (Bahasa Indonesia)


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